SOUTHERN ITALY TRIP ,PART 3 -SICILY: CATANIA , ACI TREZZA AND ACI CASTELLO


After a few days on the Amalfi Coast we continued our journey through Southern Italy but this time to the island of Sicily. The flight to Catania, Sicily from Naples was a duration of only 1 hour. This was the 4th time we boarded planes on the trip and also the first time we changed planes the most number of times in one single trip. Our main reason for going to Sicily was to see the active volcano , Mount Etna with our own eyes.
Sicily, one of the 20 regions of Italy – is the largest island lying in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea . Its main attraction is Mount Etna, the tallest and largest active volcano in the whole of Europe. So instead of flying to the capital Palermo we flew to Catania, the city that lies at the foot of Etna and which is the base to reach Etna.

Would you like to read about our trip to Amalfi Coast ? Click here to know more :
Mount Etna from the sky
Mount Etna from the sky

Catania:

In fact, because of it being situated on the northern edge of the African continental plate, the eastern coast of Sicily– along with a few islands surrounding it – have highly active volcanoes. While Vesuvius had last erupted a few centuries back , Etna was still a very active volcano and had erupted this month, in September in 2021.

Reaching Catania-

The best part of the trip to Sicily was probably seeing Mount Etna from the airplane window. After taking off from Naples, it hardly took us half an hour to view the eastern tip of Sicily from the sky. From high above, the first thing that grabs your attention is the size of Etna. Etna takes up almost half of the island of Sicily-dominating the eastern corner of the island.

Catania,Sicily
Catania,Sicily

Catania city –

The instant I exited the airport and came outside I fell in love with Catania. Catania is a city facing the Ionian Sea, on a plateau , with Mt Etna looming tall and wide like a sentinel and guardian angel, at a distance. It is the second largest city and the 7th largest metropolis on the Italian Island of Sicily . Our cab driver Mark, a pleasant,handsome fellow, shared many interesting facts about his beloved city.

Catania at night
Catania at night


According to the historian Plutarch , Catania’s name came from the word Katane meaning “grated”, referring to the uneven surface of the land surrounding Etna, upon which Catania stands. During the medieval period it was already called the City of the Elephant , deriving this name from the ‘Liotru‘ or black elephant that stands guard in the Piazza del Duomo -the center of the city.

Our handsome and informative driver Mark
Our handsome and informative driver Mark


The weather was fabulous with the sun shining gloriously over us. Catania looked less like an archaic, tourist -centric place but more like a modern city with all its noisiness and chaos but at the same time, laid-back, steeped in history with resplendent , baroque style architecture with houses the colour of the volcanic sand from which the city originated ,and mystical with its attachment to Greek folklore.

The streets of Catania
The streets of Catania

The best part was that very few people could speak in English, most of the signs being in Italian ,and the whole city had a neighbourly feel to it- as if you could just loiter around and enjoy your surroundings like a local going out for his afternoon stroll – the same feeling I had got at a place called Estergom –Sturovo –the border of Slovakia and Hungary.


Catania has been a home to many invaders-Siracusans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs as well as Normans –and each era has contributed to the overall cultural extravaganza of the city.

Piazza del Duomo

The Piazza del Duomo , as its name suggests , is the heart of the city and the main attraction of the city, filled with stores, bars and restaurants surrounded by the most important buildings, palaces, churches and the town hall of the city. So a walk around the piazza is a must. It is not only a regular meeting place for the locals but also a great tourist spot. In the centre of the square is the impressive Catania Cathedral , Palazzo degli Elefanti, now the local municipal building, Fontana Dell’Elefante, and the Fontana Dell’Amenana .

Strolling around at the Piazza Duomo in Catania
Strolling around at the Piazza Duomo in Catania

Saint Agatha Cathedral –

The Catania Cathedral or Duomo di Catania; Cattedrale di Sant’Agata, dedicated to Saint Agatha, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Catania . Constructed from the grey and white granite of the Corinthian region,the cathedral is a splendid example of Baroque architecture. Though originally constructed in 1078 over the ruins of the Roman Baths of Achille– the columns on the lower level belonged, in fact, to the original ancient structure- the cathedral has been destroyed and reconstructed many times due to the innumerous earthquakes caused by Etna.

St. Agatha Church in Catania
St. Agatha Cathedral in Catania

Statue of the Elephant –

The Fontana Dell’Elefante , the statue of an elephant, also carved from basalt, lovingly called the Liotru– refering to Hannibal the Great , is located right in front of St. Agatha’s Cathedral and points its trunk to the Cattedrale di Sant’Agata as to pay homage to St.Agata. The Elephant itself is quite mysterious as no one really knows why, when and how it became the symbol of Catania. Some say it has magical powers and protects Sicily from the eruptions of Etna; some say its origin goes all the way back to an actual elephant that fought off dangerous wild animals as the city was founded. During the 9th through 11th-century Muslim rule of Sicily, Catania was already known in Arabic as Madinat al-fīl or the City of the Elephant.

Liotru-the symbol of Sicily
Liotru-the symbol of Sicily


The statue is towered over by a huge Egyptian obelisk, which according to local folklore possesses magical powers.

Other things to see –

Apart from these few immediate attractions located in the Duomo Centre, there are numerous other attractions located all over the city. Here’s a list of some:

Palazzo Biscari
Historical Monastery San Benedetto
The Achillee Thermal Baths
The Spas of Indirizzo, of Rotonda
The Roman Amphitheatre
Saint. Gaetano alle Grotte
Tomb of S.Euplio,
Ingrottamento dell’Amenano
The Roman Hypogeum
The Well of Gammazita
Saint. Agata la Vetere
the Baths of the Gladiators at St. Agata al Carcere
Bonajuto Chapel
San Nicolò l’Arena
Ursino Castle

St. Agatha Church at night
St. Agatha Cathedral at night

Via Crociferi and our BnB –

Our beautiful BnB was a gated structure just like the one we had stayed at in Rome but the courtyard was larger and brighter, filled with orange and lemon trees. Boasting of a magnificent location-the via Crociferi -which is a quiet little alley, just a stone’s throw away from the Piazza ,the heart of Catania. Adjacent to our property was an amazing mixture of Baroque ,black lava stone buildings and churches along with bustling Trattorias and Ristorantes ,all of which took us back to a bygone century .There was also an open bar next to our BnB, which would come alive at night.

The charming via Crociferi
The charming via Crociferi


There are so many things to see in Catania that it would take more than a whole day but we had reached Catania late around 1 pm and our main target ,for the day was visiting Aci Trezza and Aci Castello, a drive from Catania along the coastline which takes about 20 minutes to reach . Both Aci Trezza and Aci Castello have another lore connected to Greek mythology – that of the land of the Cyclops. Since we had already seen so many churches and castles on our trip we chose to skip the Catania city trip which one can easily do via the Big Bus Tour.

Pizza Bianca and Pasta Carbonara
Pizza Bianca and Pasta Carbonara

Pizza Bianca –

As soon as we dropped our luggage we went to explore the Piazza and check out options on how to reach Aci Trezza . It was the end of our journey and we had become a little lax on the planning part. All this travelling from city to city had turned us into pros in navigating bus and metro routes, so instead of taking the Big Bus we decided to take a local bus to Aci Trezza and Aci Castello. This was quite a bold step because we could neither understand nor read the language. We had an amazing lunch of Pizza Bianca-an oval shaped white pizza which had a cream cheese base and cheese shavings on top but had no tomato sauce or other toppings, It was simply delish.

via Crociferi - in front of our BnB
via Crociferi – in front of our BnB


While roaming around the streets of Catania ,some other things that come to your mind are the Trinacria, the Saracens , the Godfather by Mario Puzo and Sicilian food.

The Trinacria –

In many shops I found this peculiar looking image, undoubtedly, the head of Medusa with her snake-haired head and golden wings ,but with three running legs and three ears of wheat surrounding her head.
Medusa or Gorgo, in Greek mythology, was one of the three monstrous Gorgons ( a creature of the underworld), generally described as winged human females with living venomous snakes in place of hair. Those who gazed into her eyes would turn to stone.

Fontana Dell’Amenana -Catania
Fontana Dell’Amenana -Catania


Well now,firstly ,I was confused as to why a monster would be so popular in Sicily and secondly ,why was her head surrounded by running legs and ears of wheat ? The Medusa I had known till then didn’t have all these features.

An image of the Trinacria along with the Sicilian map -both being triangular

After some inquiry I found out that she was called Trinacria or Triskelion .But unlike the Greek Medusa ,the Sicilian Trinacria didn’t turn the island’s inhabitants or the guiltless visitors into stone. Instead, the Trinacria represented the Goddess Athena of ancient Greek mythology, the Patron Goddess of the island; the three running legs suggested the racing of time in the cycle of nature ; and the ears of wheat symbolized the extraordinary fertility of the island of Sicily. The island inherited its name from the Trinacria basically because of the triangular shape of the island.

The Trinacria - a symbol of Sicily
The Trinacria – a symbol of Sicily

Trinacria is the symbol of Sicily -. There’s a fascinating story surrounding the birth of Sicily and its three-legged symbol, which I found online.

The legend of the birth of Sicily –

‘A long time ago, three nymphs danced all over the world. They stopped where nature was most luxuriant and collected lovely stones, juicy pieces of fruit and handfuls of fertile soil.

Oranges on the ground -at our BnB
Oranges on the ground -at our BnB


One day they reached a region with a wonderful clear blue sky and they fell in love with the place. Their dance became even more graceful and they decided to throw into the sea everything they had collected around the planet. The water shone and produced an incredible rainbow.

From the waves, a new land surfaced that was splendid, fragrant and colorful. The new island had the shape of a triangle, whose three capes were exactly under the feet of the nymphs.’

This is the legendary story of the birth of the Sicily.

Saracens
Saracens

Saracens and The Godfather –


There were also memorabilia related to the SaracensArabs who ruled over Sicily in the Middle Ages ,from 831 to 1091 AD.

But the best knickknacks were related to ‘The Godfather’- the book by Mario Puzo as well as the films starring Marlon Brando and Al Pacino – a major part of both related to Sicily.

The Godfather – relatable to Sicily

Getting on a bus to Aci Trezza and Aci Castello –

After loitering around the streets and alleys of Catania we eventually found the bus stop from where the local bus to Aci Trezza left . After some waiting the bus arrived and we found seats next to an extremely helpful Catanian gentleman who turned out to be God-sent –I’ll explain about this in a while !

Cyclop's rocks
Cyclop’s rocks at Aci Trezza


The Riviera dei Ciclopi is twelve kilometres of rugged coastline north of Catania from Acireale, Aci Trezza to Aci Castello. Plying by the Ionian coastline, Samit and I disputed over where to get down first –Aci Trezza, the last stop on the route or Aci Castello,the one before. Logically one should see the last place first then do a reverse and see the one before but I was a little worried about catching the return bus- since it was the last bus of the day. So we settled for Aci Castello first then Aci Trezza.

Lachia island and Cyclop's stones in the background
Lachea island and Cyclop’s monoliths in the background


10 kms north of Catania ,Aci Trezza is a tiny seaside town famous for its various lava rock formations in the sea. Off the coast of Aci Trezza there are three tall, prominent sea stacks along with five more smaller ones and a miniscule island ,the Lachea Island– all the result of eruptions from Etna . Again steeped in local Greek legend, these were the great stones thrown at Odysseus by the one –eyed -monster Polyphemus ,the Cyclop. So obviously the star attraction of the town are these rock formations.
This is one delightful bed-time story full of adventure and intrigue. But will come to that soon.

Our friendly and helpful bus companion


Aci Castello is a castle which was built by the Normans in 1076 upon the foundations of a 7th-century Byzantine fortification. The town of Aci Castello is built around the castle and is another charming port town.

Our wonderful companion –

In the bus an interesting two way conversation was going on between Samit and the smiling and helpful Catanian gentleman, where obviously nobody could understand each other’s language. The gentleman, clearly alien to English, spoke in his native Sicilian dialect , whereas Samit tried hard to impress him with a conversation consisting of an infusion of a handful of Italian words learnt from reading ‘The Godfather‘ mainly mixed with English. But seeing their animated faces it seemed like a conversation between two long lost friends!

View of Aci Trezza from Aci Castello
View of Aci Trezza from Aci Castello

Throughout the journey our friend tried to help us understand our route and how to reach Aci Trezza and Aci Castello– but in vain. The only part we understood is when we actually reached Aci Castello and he suddenly started shouting Aci Castello to us , making us jump out of the bus in a flurry. We turned back to see our friend who waved at us with a satisfactory smile on his face, possibly happy to be able to assist us.

Aci Castello –

Aci Castello wasn’t much far from the bus stand and we reached there in a few minutes. Aci Castello turned out to be a quaint little castle made of black lava stone standing on a black lava rock cliff above the Ionian sea. It stood on a dramatic promontory, overlooking lava rocks and offshore lava islands. From each angle it seemed as if it had been sliced into half- it was that small. An ancient castle in the true sense .

Lava shore
Lava shore


The surrounding views were breathtaking with the sun shining brilliantly over the deep azure sea. There is a little piazza or square in front of the castle with bougainvilleas in bloom, the statue of a mermaid and wrought –iron benches to sit on and enjoy the view. Some people were patiently angling from the lava bed of rocks.

After loitering around the small harbor and the little square for a while and enjoying the surroundings we started climbing quite a flight of stairs to reach the top – taking photos on our way. The views of both the Ionian sea, the coastline and the town of Aci Castello from the top were gorgeous. The rocks of Aci Trezza were also visible at a distance.

There was no crowd and we had the castle almost to ourselves. The entrance fee was only 3 euros. There was a lovely garden on the top and some stairs led to the sea. There is also a well-kept museum in the Castle with artifacts dating back to the Neolithic period.

Entrance to the Castle

A dead end –

We soon left this ancient Castle in search of Aci Trezza, the Cyclops’ land. Seeing Aci Trezza from the top of Aci Castello made it seem so near , we thought we would reach it in a few minutes. But the walk turned out to be more complicated than we thought- a seemingly endless walk, interspersed with asking help from locals who were all very helpful but incomprehensible due to the language barrier. The main road was swarmed with by-lanes and not having any sign boards or other indicators to the place didn’t help as well . We’d enter an alley and find a dead end each time.

In front of a Norman castle
In front of a Norman castle


After almost giving up hope of finding our desired destination and also worried whether we could even catch the bus, we saw our savior gentleman-the very same gentleman who had accompanied us on our bus ride- lazily sitting on a bench doing nothing else in the world as if waiting there only for us! I animatedly pointed in his direction shouting out in glee. As soon as he saw us he pointed towards the alley right in front of him-indicating that that was the road to Aci Trezza. He also sort of sign-languaged us to be quick because the last return bus to Catania would leave soon-the bus was standing right there. We thanked him profusely and found our way to Aci Trezza. He was truly God-sent!

View of Aci Castello town from the Castle
View of Aci Castello town from the Castle

Aci Trezza :

Known as the Isoles dei Ciclopi Faraglioni , Aci Trezza was quaint and beautiful. We could see the eight picturesque sharp basalt rocks- the three tall, column-shaped stacks , the tinier ones and the Lachea Island or the Homeric Goat’s Island-in the sea. Scattered around in the water were more black lava rocks of different sizes and shapes.

The surroundings-

Though the seabed was chock-a-block with innumerous lava stones ,the water itself was calm and crystal clear . There was no sandy beach, but there were rocky platforms, naturally formed lava piers ,which allowed easy access for swimming and sunbathing. The locals call them lidos and it was about €10 for all day access plus umbrella and lounger. The added colour came from the traditional fishing boats scattered on the sea.

Fishing on a bed of lava
Fishing on a bed of lava

As I have mentioned earlier, according to local legend, these great stones are the ones thrown at Odysseus by the one-eyed Cyclop ,Polyphemus ,mentioned in ‘The Odyssey’ by the Greek poet Homer.

The story behind Aci Trezza – Odysseus

Odysseus, the Greek warrior, and his band of soldiers, had just finished fighting the Trojan War and were making the long journey back to their homeland Ithaca in Greece. Along the way, they had many dangerous adventures and encounters. The encounter with the fearsome Cyclops was one of the most memorable of these adventures.

Chiesa di S.Mauro -church at Aci Castello
Chiesa di S.Mauro -church at Aci Castello

During that journey, they became shipwrecked on an island (the present day Lachea island or Homeric Goat’s island). After they arrived on the island, they decided to seek shelter in an eerie cave. In the cave, they were surprised to find plenty of larger -than -usual -sized sheep, which ,being hungry ,they ate to their heart’s content. But soon they realized that this particular cave was the home of the Cyclops known as Polyphemus, who was the son of the sea god, Poseidon.

View of Aci Castello town and the Ionian sea
View of Aci Castello town and the Ionian sea

The story behind Aci Trezza -Polyphemus

Polyphemus was a fearsome creature, so when he found them eating his sheep , he decided to prevent the crew from leaving the cave by blocking its entrance and started to eat them. Odysseus knew that he had to escape from the cave as soon as possible. He gave the Cyclops a dose of really strong wine so that he would fall asleep. The men created a very sharp staff , blinded Polyphemus in his one eye so that he would be powerless and then ran away towards the sea.

Lachia island
Lachea island – Aci Trezza

The wounded Cyclops chased Odysseus and his gang but by the time the Cyclop could reach them, they were already in the waters and all Polyphemus could do was throw stones at them ; which of course were the very same stones we saw in front of our eyes in the Ionian sea at Aci Trezza!

Cyclop's rocks standing tall at Aci Trezza
Cyclop’s rocks standing tall at Aci Trezza

Nature in its glory –

We stood there for some time marveling at this natural wonder , reminiscing on ancient Greek legends and at the same time watching the sun go down, basking in the dying sun’s rays. There were a few ,nice cocktail bars selling Sicilian wines, many restaurants, all serving largely fish based dishes and cafes serving granita with brioche ; but there weren’t many tourist shops. The whole atmosphere was cosy and relaxed.


An image of Polyphemus throwing stones at the fleeing Odysseus and his crew

Other activities –

It’s also possible to partake in planned tours/activities from Catania to Aci Trezza. There are many companies that offer sailing day trips which depart from the port at Catania. Sailing Tours usually follow the ancient route of Ulysses in the Iliad, stopping at the Medieval Castle of Aci Castello, swimming at the Natural Marine Reserve at Acitrezza Faraglioni cliffs, seafood lunch on the boat and plenty of free time to explore the ancient fishing village of Acitrezza.

The jagged coastline at Aci Trezza - Cyclop's rocks
The jagged coastline at Aci Trezza – Cyclop’s rocks

After some time we headed back towards the bus stand. Our friendly gentleman was still there chatting with other locals. As soon as they saw us they all gave beaming , welcoming smiles .The gentleman along with us boarded the bus and chatted our way back to Catania.

Family time at Aci Trezza
Family time at Aci Trezza


Next day was our exciting trip to Mount Etna!

You can also check out the first part of our Southern Italy Trip covering Pompeii . Click here to know more :